Lahaina, Maui
Translation: "Merciless Sun" Pukui/Elbert
Lahaina is one of Hawaii's oldest and most historic cities. Kamehameha the Great conquered the Island of Maui in the year 1794 and named Lahaina the Capital of his new kingdom. It remained the Capital of Hawaii until Kamehameha III moved it to Honolulu in the year 1840. The first missionary arrived in Maui in 1823, and the missionary influences remain clearly visible in Lahaina.

Kamehameha the Great

Humpback Whale
As Western traders and seamen flocked to Maui, commercial growth expanded. Lahaina became a major port during the whaling era, and by the 1840s, hundreds of ships anchored there. However, the discovery of oil in 1850 spelled doom for the whaling industry.

As whaling declined, agriculture became the dominant industry in the Lahaina area. Sugar and later pineapple plantations flourished on the island of Maui. Before Captain Cook arrived in Hawaii, there were an estimated 1 million Hawaiians. During 1853-1854, a smallpox epidemic killed a huge number of native Hawaiians. By the 1890's there were only about 40,000 Hawaiians left. With the work force depleted the plantation owners shipped in migrant farm workers from various countries to labor in the fields. The influence of these Chinese, Japanese, Filipino, Portugese & others is still present on the island of Maui.

Sugar & Pineapple


Lahaina Adventure

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